Equivalent stiffness

Construction Fundamentals

Introduction

In many applications it is relevant to know the total connection stiffness of an object in relation to a given reference. In many cases there are several stiffness paths which introduces the need to calculate the ‘equivalent’ stiffness. This is a single stiffness representing the sum of all individual stiffness’ in the appropriate way, taking into account the series/parallel configuration and possible movement amplifications/reductions. Below a number of cases is listed.

CaseEquivalent stiffness
equivalent-stiffness1$C_{eq}=\frac{F}{s}=\frac{C_1\cdot C_2}{C_1+C_2}$
equivalent-stiffness3$C_{eq}=\frac{F}{s}=C_1+C_2$
equivalent-stiffness2$C_{eq}=\frac{F}{s}=\frac{a^2\cdot C_1\cdot C_2}{\left(a-b\right)^2\cdot C_1+b^2{\cdot C}_2}$
equivalent-stiffness4$C_{eq}=\frac{F}{s}=\frac{b^2\cdot C_1\cdot C_2}{\left(a-b\right)^2\cdot C_1+a^2{\cdot C}_2}$
equivalent-stiffness5$C_{eq}=\frac{F}{s}=\left(\frac{a}{b}\right)^2\cdot C_1=i^2\cdot C_1$
equivalent-stiffness7
equivalent-stiffness9
equivalent-stiffness6$C_{eq}=\frac{F}{s}=\cos^2{\alpha}\cdot C_1$
equivalent-stiffness8$C_{eq}=\frac{F}{s}=\sin^2{\alpha}\cdot C_1$
equivalent-stiffness10$C_{eq}=\frac{F}{s}=\frac{K_{rot}}{a^2}$

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